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A busy day is now an even busier evening. You rush to prepare dinner while also keeping an eye on your toddler. Together, you're reciting the names of some animals. Suddenly, you sense that the room is a little too quiet. You turn and see him bringing a bottle of rubbing alcohol to his mouth. He takes a sip like he would out of a water bottle! You drop everything you're doing and run over to him. How in the world was he able to reach over the counter where the bottle was? And how did he manage to open the cap? The face he makes tells you he hates the taste. But, he did drink a mouthful of it. What do you do now?
Rubbing alcohol is a very common household item. You can buy it in any drug or grocery store. It is very effective in killing bacteria; in many households, it is the go-to item to clean minor cuts and scrapes. It is colorless, flammable and has a very strong odor of alcohol.
The main ingredient of rubbing alcohol is isopropyl alcohol. Rubbing alcohol is commonly 70% isopropyl alcohol, but the percentage ranges from 60% to 99% isopropyl alcohol.
Poison Control is often called about children who drank a sip of rubbing alcohol. Sometimes, they drink it by mistake after it is poured into a cup or water bottle. Because it tastes so strong, they usually don't drink much. In general, swallowing such small amounts of rubbing alcohol leads to very few symptoms.
Isopropyl alcohol is different from the alcohol found in liquor, beer and wine. This kind of alcohol is known as ethanol or ethyl alcohol. Rubbing alcohol is sometimes abused, even though it is not meant to be swallowed. It is cheaper than liquor. It is widely available. It can cause a feeling of intoxication. But isopropyl alcohol is much more potent than ethyl alcohol.
Someone who swallows isopropyl alcohol can act drunk. Effects include sedation, slurred speech, unsteadiness when walking, and vomiting. Isopropyl alcohol is also extremely irritating to the digestive tract. Drinking a lot of it can cause vomiting, diarrhea, pain, and bleeding in the stomach and intestines. This can lead to dehydration, low blood pressure, shock, and coma.
Rubbing alcohol can also be toxic when inhaled. It should be used in a well-ventilated area. In addition, because it is flammable, it should always be kept away from open flame.
In the never-ending battle to stay one step ahead of your toddler, here are a few tips to help you win (or at least catch-up) and prevent poisoning from rubbing alcohol:
- Always keep rubbing alcohol stored up and out of reach of children.
- Never transfer it from its original bottle to another container.
- Always use rubbing alcohol in a well-ventilated area.
- Never swallow rubbing alcohol to get drunk. It is not the same as ethanol! Drinking it can cause dangerous poisoning.
Use the webPOISONCONTROL® online tool or call Poison Control right away if someone swallows rubbing alcohol. Do not try to make the person throw up! Do not wait to see what will happen!
Serkalem Mekonnen, RN, BSN, MPH
Certified Specialist in Poison Information